Glossary

TMJ

TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint, which holds together the mandible and base of the cranium. For a long time they were considered the only areas responsible for pain that we understand to this day in mandibular and cranial conditions. In truth, dysfunctions and alterations to the TMJ are a serious condition, but not the only one among Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD)

Bite

This term is currently and inappropriately used instead of the scientific term “orthotic device”, to indicate a removable orthopaedic device, which is inserted on the lower dental arch to correct contact imbalances between dental arches. By reproducing a new and normal dental anatomy, the device produces and maintains a new occlusion which in turn guarantees best muscular health and performance. It can be advantageously modified throughout the treatment to reach best clinical results; it is designed to be comfortable and almost invisible in order not to interfere with your social life.

Ortotico 001 Ortotico 002 Ortotico 003 Ortotico 005 Ortotico 006 Ortotico 007 Ortotico 008

Craniomandibular Disorders (CMD)

These illnesses are caused by an imperfect contact between the dental arches and have a vast and complex symptomatology which can also include pain in the head and neck region with repercussions also possibly arising in other areas of the body.

Muscular pain, referred pain

This is the most frequent form of pain in CMD and has very peculiar features, which if ignored can complicate the diagnosis. Any stressed muscle can project pain or other symptoms in a region other than the one of the affected muscle buycialis-2013shop.com itself.

Functional tests (kinesiographic, electromiographic, electrosonographic)

These clinical tests are carried out with specialised equipment which helps identify an altered dental occlusion and allows us to establish the most appropriate dental contact from a functional point of view. The equipment also reveals dysfunctions and alterations in the mandible joints (see TMJ)

Kinesiograph Electromiograph Sonograph

Dental occlusion

This is the position of maximal contact between the dental arches, which allows us to chew food and is responsible for the initial phase of swallowing. It is the most frequent position adopted by the mandible in the course of 24 hours. If this position in unbalanced, it leads to Craniomandibular Disorders. 

 

Orthotic device

see bite

Trigger Point

This is a small area that exists in every muscle and is extremely painful to the touch. It is capable of causing relayed muscular pain, which is projected to a somatic area other than the one of origin.

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TENS

The acronym stands for Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. It yields great results in the diagnosis and treatment of Craniomandibular Disorders as it relaxes contracted muscles and allows us to identify the ideal functioning conditions in the locomotive system. By operating a complete muscular massage, it alleviates any associated pain.

 
Myomonitor o TENS